29 Nov



28 Nov


23 Nov

For most recent portfolio pages click here: portfolio_merged

For individual page downloads click here: port|folio

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16 Nov

Construction Document for the Blackburn Residence in Plainfield, IN


16 Nov

These are computer generated images representing the design we were dealing with during the construction document phase of the project at JRA Architecture in Indianapolis, IN. The client was happy and the SMC World Headquarters was built in Noblesville, IN. It was a valuable professional experience to work on such an exciting project.


16 Nov

Design Sketches for cultureLAB

Exterior Image, "floating" LAB over gallery

Interior Design Scheme for a Ball State LAB with Library

Night View, Old Meets New

Construction Document for the Blackburn Residence


26 Apr

street view

module plan

bedroom suite


eco-op is a…

cooperative farming community that exists in an urban setting.1 Members of this exclusive urban community enjoy [1] a steady supply of fresh & virtually cost free vegetables, [2] private access to the botanical & vegetable gardens located in the courtyard and on the roof, respectively, as well as [3] full right of entry to each of the four (4) animal habitat viewing areas. Eco-op is a multipart facility that offers a distinct way of life for unique individuals who are searching for an alternative lifestyle in a not so different urban environment.

Due to the fact that we are creating spaces in the city that otherwise would not belong there, It is important to maintain a different approach in regards to programmed events and other related agenda elements/activities. We want prospective inhabitants to be aware of the original elements involved with Eco-op and we prefer that they be enthusiastic about these unique functions and privileges offered by Eco-op embracing them, and in some cases even working for the farm, garden or market. For eco-op this approach idea was directly related to the three (3) main concept themes that were discussed above:

  • 1. Community farming (enough vegetables to feed the building will be grown on the roof)
  • 2. Urban animal habitat (the 4 b’s are available for free viewing or entering for a price)

  • 3. Botanical gardens (location: courtyards, street level, existing greenery)

With the farming co-op in place, more progressive ideas began to emerge. These complimentary project components enhance the unique way of life that eco-op offers. Components that enhance the eco-op way of life are:

  • 1. Topography
  • 2. Double balcony
  • 3. Botanical/farming gardens
  • 4. Personalized space planning
  • 5. Aquarium seating

-space planning in the unit module-
the concept for eco-op is…
based on a modular unit or a single family dwelling. While these modular units appear to be repetitive from the exterior, they are in fact, all exclusive and original.

The main idea is that the module exists as an extruded core, equipped both a raised plenum floor for utility/storage and a vertical circulation core, equipped with bathrooms. Beyond that, the user defines his/her space within their personal module.

In the beginning, residents will sit down with a base plan and a series of building blocks that represent spatial areas and rooms. Terms and concepts such as:

  • 1. appropriate spatial adjacencies
  • 2. hierarchy
  • 3. proportions
  • 4. balance
  • 5. harmony
  • 6. electrical/plumbing
  • 7. security
  • 8. and more…. will be used with all building elements, in a symbiotic relationship to operate the complex.

With all these building tools at hand, inhabitants will examine their way of life in terms of overall routines and in-home activities and movements. Based on these observations, in conjunction with time and schedule conditions, spaces will be assigned locations within the module, showing clients that the layout for an efficient house can also be the layout of their dream home.

This process gives each resident a sense of individuality within the community of modules or unit matrix. While a strong sense of community and relationships within the matrix is very important, it is even more so that each module has a sense-of-self or individualism within the community or matrix. One way this will be achieved is by actually letting people live in a space that was designed by themselves for themselves. For example, see how the user can customize their modules with upgrade features:

module slice

floor hatch for storage

For the average resident, this may seem overwhelming. A professional will be on hand to generate ideas and ask residents questions like:

  • 1. What is the first thing you do in the morning after you wake up?
  • 2. What do you do right before you go to bed?
  • 3. Is there a certain area you like to eat lunch?
  • 4. How many times a day do you shower/use the restroom?

When tackling space planning within the unit module, we began by examining a series of typical residential floor plans, which were approximately the same size and proportion. Next, we began rearranging major spatial components within the prescribed floor-plate, 30’-0” x 60’-0”. It made sense to break the module down into a 2’-0” x 2’-0” grid (this also matches the grid used in the raised plenum floor system). The major spatial components are:

  • 1. Living: 16’-0” x 14’-0”
  • 2. Dining: 14’-0” x 14’-0”
  • 3. Kitchen (galley): 3’-9” x 20’-0” (6’ wide w/ standing room)
  • 4. Bedroom (2): 14’-0” x 14’-0”
  • 5. Elevator (2): 6’-0” x 5’-6” (one elevator per group of 2 columns in the matrix, 4 elevators total for 8 columns)
  • 6. Bathroom: 12’-0” x 7’-0” (two room facility, two sink vanity with shelving in one room, shower/bath and toilet in another)
  • 7. Chase: 4’-6” x 6’-0” (vertical chase, from the underground mechanical AHU to each plenum floor in each module, one AHU per column in the matrix)
  • 8. Balcony (2): 8’-0” x 28’-0” (bedroom balcony is on east side and receives morning sunrise, living and dining balcony receives afternoon sun/sunset)

The spatial components highlighted in green are constant in their placement within the module, making up the structure and vertical circulation cores for each column of complex modules. The original aspect of eco-op’s approach is that the client will decide the location of the remaining spaces (1-4). This approach to space planning provides virtually an infinite number of spatial arrangements and room adjacencies, all of which are planned on specific client needs or wants.

This is a common theme at the Eco-op; let the client decide what he/she wants…then give it to them!

We are letting the clients make decisions in a hands-on way. A discussion with the client can accomplish a lot, but just like it is hard for a designer to explain a complicated idea, it is hard for people to explain what they want regarding space planning. We are letting the clients build their space with their hands. After examining all the variables discussed on the previous page, then compiling three different design schemes, the clients will choose there favorite one and that is the one that will be constructed.